Accra, Ghana

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National Symbols

Ghana Coat of Arms

Ghana Coat of Arms

Composition

The Ghana Coat of Arms is composed of a shield, divided into four quarters by a green St. George's Cross, rimmed with gold. The following are the symbols in the quarters and their meanings.

  1. Crossed linguist staff and ceremonial sword on a blue background
    Position: Top left-hand quarter. Represents local administration
  2. A heraldic castle on a heraldic sea with a light blue background
    Position: Top right-hand quarter. Represents National Government
  3. A Cocoa Tree
    Position: Bottom left hand quarter. Represents the Agricultural wealth of the country
  4. A Mine Shaft
    Position: Bottom right hand quarter. Represents the mineral wealth of the country
  5. A Gold Lion
    Position: In the centre of the green St. George's Cross. Represents the continued link between Ghana and the Commonwealth
  6. Black five pointed star rimmed with gold standing on the wreath of red, gold and green colours
    Position: Surmounting (On top of) the shield. Represents the lodestar of African Freedom
  7. Two Eagles, around each of whose neck hangs a black star suspended from a ribbon of Ghana colours - red, gold and green
    Position: Supporting the shield (Coat of Arms). Signifies a protector with strength, very clear and attentive eyes keeping watch over the country
  8. The motto Freedom and Justice is found under the shield.

The Ghana National Flag 

Ghana Flag

The Ghana National Flag was designed by Mrs. T. S Okoh, a Ghanaian, to replace the flag of the United Kingdom upon the attainment of independence in 1957.The flag of Ghana consists of the colours red, gold and green in horizontal stripes with a five pointed black star in the centre of the gold stripe.

Red represents the blood of those who died in the country's struggle for independence.

Gold represents the mineral wealth of the country.

Green symbolises the country's rich forests.

The Black Star stands for the lodestar of African Freedom.